Jabir Pythagoras numerology books pdf Hayyan was a medieval era polymath. Check out this biography to know about his life, works and achievements.
Who is Jabir Ibn Hayyan? A behind-the-scene look at the life of Jabir Ibn Hayyan. Abu Musa Jabir Ibn Hayyan often referred to by the Latinized version of his name Geber, was a medieval era polymath. He was an alchemist, chemist, geographer, physician, physicist, astrologer, astronomer, pharmacist, and philosopher all rolled into one. Controversies abound surrounding his real identity as a couple of biographical sources cite that Jabir lived during the 10th century, while most traditional references report that he was an 8th century physician or alchemist. Middle Ages’ historians as well as chroniclers refute that the Jabirian oeuvre comprising about 3000 works could have possibly been authored by one individual. Nevertheless, majority of the reliable biographic sources regard Jabir as an Islamic intellectual who left behind a massive body of work covering the subjects of astronomy, astrology, medical sciences, geography, alchemy, chemistry, philosophy, and pharmacy.
Most historiographers agree that some of his contributions have had a positive impact on alchemy and modern chemistry, difference of opinion amongst the historians about Jabir Hayyan’s identity and the body of work attributable to him notwithstanding. Jabir ibn Hayyan, as per E. Tus town under the Khorasan region either in 721 or 722 AD. Persia was then under the reign of the Umayyad Caliphate. There is widespread dispute about his ethnicity as some sources report that he originally hailed from Khorasan and later on moved to Kufa while other accounts maintain that he was a Syrian who shifted to Persia. A few sources confirm that his father Hayyan-al-Azadi, belonging to the al-Azdi tribe, was a pharmacist. Umayyad Caliphs and unwittingly got involved in the political machinations.
He staunchly backed the Abbasids opposing the rule of the Caliphates and was dispatched to Khorasan as an emissary to garner support for the mutiny. The Umayyad Caliph got al-Azadi arrested and he was ultimately executed for plotting against his government. Al-Azadi’s family escaped to Yemen with Jabir Hayyan who was a child then. Jabir was entrusted under the tutelage of a reputed scholar, Harbi al-Himyari, who taught him mathematics, Quran, and several other subjects. Jabir Ibn Hayyan, later on, was tutored by a Shi’ite Imam, Jafar Al-Sadiq who was closely associated with the Abbasids during Harun al-Rashid’s Caliphate.
He studied alchemy and medicine under the patronage of the Caliph’s ministers known as Barmecides. Following the completion of his studies, Jabir started practicing as a pharmacist with the backing of the Caliphate. Jabir mentioned in one of his treatises that he had once formulated a special concoction for a maidservant employed by a Barmecide, Yahya Ibn Khalid. The Book of the Blossom’, an alchemical handbook for Harun al-Rashid, the Caliph. The book contained information and instructions about experimental techniques relating to alchemy. He also made possible the translation of Latin and Greek alchemical transcripts into Arabic.
Jabir ibn Hayyan had to pay a heavy price for his proximity to the Barmecides as he was sentenced to death in 803 after falling foul of the Abbasid Caliph, Harun al-Rashid. He escaped to Kufa but was eventually apprehended and kept under detention for the rest of his life. If one traditional source is to be believed, Ibn Hayyan had put forward a proposal to the reigning Caliph, Al-Ma’mun to designate a successor of his choosing. The source also revealed Jabir might not have breathed his last until and unless an heir was selected. Kitab al-Fihrisht’ that Jabir was an acolyte of the Shia Imam, Jafar as-Sadiq.
Another citation by al-Nadim reported that Ibn Hayyan was a member of a philosophical group. The Large Book of Mercy’—was authentic while the rest were penned by anonymous authors. The body of work credited to Jabir is replete with information that has enriched chemistry, alchemy, and chemical technology, the unrealistic and bizarre facets notwithstanding. Jabirian works contributed hugely towards the time-honored supposition that mercury and sulphur were integral components of identified metallic elements. This claim was buttressed with metallurgical evidence. It is worth noting that Jabirian contributions to chemistry chronicled by Arabic scholars differed greatly from those recorded under his Latinized alter ego-Geber.