This article is about the concept in the physical sciences. Nevertheless, quarks and leptons together make up “ordinary matter”, and their interactions contribute to the effective volume of the composite particles that make up ordinary matter. Matter should not be confused with mass, as the physical chemistry quanta matter and change pdf are not the same in modern physics.
While there are different views on what should be considered matter, the mass of a substance or system is the same irrespective of any such definition of matter. Another difference is that matter has an “opposite” called antimatter, but mass has no opposite—there is no such thing as “anti-mass” or negative mass. Different fields of science use the term matter in different, and sometimes incompatible, ways. Some of these ways are based on loose historical meanings, from a time when there was no reason to distinguish mass from simply a quantity of matter. As such, there is no single universally agreed scientific meaning of the word “matter”. Scientifically, the term “mass” is well-defined, but “matter” can be defined in several ways.
As seen in the above discussion, many early definitions of what can be called “ordinary matter” were based upon its structure or “building blocks”. The connection between these formulations follows. Because atoms and molecules are said to be matter, it is natural to phrase the definition as: “ordinary matter is anything that is made of the same things that atoms and molecules are made of”. Higher generations particles quickly decay into first-generation particles, and thus are not commonly encountered. This definition of ordinary matter is more subtle than it first appears. Such composites contain an interaction energy that holds the constituents together, and may constitute the bulk of the mass of the composite.