Written information may have little meaning until it is heard. They enjoy looking at maps, charts, pictures, videos, and movies. David Kolb, Professor of Organizational Behavior at Case Western Reserve University, is kolb learning styles pdf with launching the learning styles movement in the early seventies and is perhaps one of the most influential learning models developed.
Learning is the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience. Knowledge results from the combination of grasping experience and transforming it. Learning is best conceived as a process, not in terms of outcomes. Learning is a continuous process grounded in experience. Learning is a holistic process of adaptation to the world.
Learning involves transactions between the person and the environment. Kolb’s learning theory sets out four distinct learning styles, which are based on a four-stage learning cycle. Processing Continuum: Our approach to a task, such as preferring to learn by doing or watching. Perception Continuum: Our emotional response, such as preferring to learn by thinking or feeling. This matrix provides a learning cycle that involves four processes that must be present for learning to occur. Note that this part of Kolb’s model is more useful in that rather than trying to pinpoint a learning style, he provides a model learning program.
Learning from specific experiences and relating to people. Observing before making a judgment by viewing the environment from different perspectives. Looks for the meaning of things. Logical analysis of ideas and acting on intellectual understanding of a situation. Ability to get things done by influencing people and events through action. Depending upon the situation or environment, the learners may enter the learning cycle at any point and will best learn the new task if they practice all four modes. Reflective observation – Thinking about riding and watching another person ride a bike.
Abstract conceptualization – Understanding the theory and having a clear grasp of the biking concept. Concrete experience – Receiving practical tips and techniques from a biking expert. Active experimentation – Leaping on the bike and have a go at it. Active experimentation – Jumping in and doing it. Reflective observation – Thinking about what you just performed.