This is because, from a functionalist perspective, a sick individual is not a productive member of society. Therefore this deviance needs to be policed, which is the role of the medical profession. Genuinely, Parsons argued that the best way to understand illness sociologically is to view it as a form of deviance which disturbs the social function of the society. The general idea is that the individual who has fallen ill is not only physically sick, but now glencoe us history textbook pdf to the specifically patterned social role of being sick.
There are three versions of sick role: 1. This model assumes that the individual voluntarily accepts the sick role. Individual may not comply with expectations of the sick role, may not give up social obligations, may resist dependency, may avoid public sick role if their illness is stigmatised. Individual may not accept ‘passive patient’ role. Differential treatment of patient, and differential doctor patient relationship- variations depend on social class, gender and ethnicity. Rights’ do not always apply. Sometimes individuals are held responsible for their illness, i.
In stigmatised illness sufferer is often not accepted as legitimately sick. In chronic illness acting the sick role is less appropriate and less functional for both individual and social system. Chronically ill patients are often encouraged to be independent. Glencoe, IL: The Free Press. This page was last edited on 7 August 2017, at 21:57.