Code decision making in educational administration pdf Conduct for U. Federal Court System in the U.
Sylvia Mendez – Image credit U. Thurgood Marshall represented Sylvia Mendez and Linda Brown. 2011 White House ceremony, was a child when she was turned away from a California public school for “whites only. That rejection fueled her father’s determined journey through school, civic, and legal channels. Gonzalo Mendez, represented by a civil rights attorney, took four Los Angeles-area school districts to court and won a class action lawsuit at the trial and appellate levels of the federal court system. During a two-week trial, the Mendez family’s attorney David Marcus took the then-unusual approach of presenting social science evidence to support his argument that segregation resulted in feelings of inferiority among Mexican-American children that could undermine their ability to be productive Americans.
District Court Judge Paul J. A paramount requisite in the American system of public education is social equality. It must be open to all children by unified school association regardless of lineage. The school districts appealed the case to the U. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. Two months later, California’s Governor Earl Warren signed a bill ending school segregation in California, making it the first state to officially desegregate its public schools. While the case was pending before the U.
The Supreme Court adopted many of Marshall’s arguments and, in 1954, issued an opinion ending school segregation throughout the United States. The opinion was written by Chief Justice Earl Warren. Sylvia Mendez went on to earn degrees in nursing and became the Assistant Nursing Director of the Pediatric Pavilion at the Los Angeles University of Southern California Medical Center. Since her retirement, she has dedicated her time to educating students about the Mendez case and encouraging young people to stay in school. In 2009, the Los Angeles Unified School District dedicated a new East Los Angeles high school, Felicitas and Gonzalo Mendez Learning Center.