The economic disadvantages of being landlocked can be alleviated or aggravated depending on degree of development, language barriers, and other considerations. Historically, being landlocked has been disadvantageous to advantages and disadvantages of landlocked countries pdf country’s development. As such, coastal regions tended to be wealthier and more heavily populated than inland ones. In general, he found that when a neighboring country experiences better growth, it tends to spill over into favorable development for the country itself.
For landlocked countries, the effect is particularly strong, as they are limited in their trading activity with the rest of the world. Others have argued that being landlocked may actually be a blessing as it creates a “natural tariff barrier” which protects the country from cheap imports. In some instances, this has led to more robust local food systems. Since Bosnia and Herzegovina is a new country, railways and ports have not been built for its need.